Understanding the Impact of Nanoplastics on Aquatic Organisms: A Focus on Tilapia Fish Reproductive Health and Immune Response

Nanoplastics (NP) are small particles that have the potential to be toxic and can enter the bodies of humans and aquatic organisms through respiratory, digestive, and skin pathways. NP is formed from the degradation of microplastics in nature and is also used in various everyday products such as industrial goods, cosmetics, and others, ultimately polluting aquatic environments.

Contamination of NP in water can lead to various adverse effects, especially on aquatic organisms such as tilapia fish. NP exposure can disrupt the metabolism and reproductive health of fish, even causing fertilization disorders and cell apoptosis.

Although tilapia fish have high adaptability to water environments, NP contamination can disrupt their immune systems and reproductive abilities. This could potentially reduce the quality of fish reproduction, especially with higher concentrations of NP exposure.

To address this issue, improved management of plastic waste processing and minimizing the use of plastic raw materials in daily life are necessary. These actions are crucial to protect the health of aquatic environments and organisms, as well as to maintain the availability of important protein sources for humans.

More information on the impact of NP on immune response and fish reproductive health can be found here.